The Security Council held closed-door consultations on Jammu and Kashmir - Urdu Books World

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Saturday, 17 August 2019

The Security Council held closed-door consultations on Jammu and Kashmir

The Security Council held closed-door consultations on Jammu and Kashmir. The three countries of India and Pakistan explained their positions to reporters.

On the morning of August 16, the Security Council held an informal closed-door consultation meeting under the "India-Pakistan issue" and heard a briefing by the UN Secretariat on the current situation in Kashmir and the work of the United Nations-India-Pakistan Military Observer Group.

Chinese position

After the consultations, Zhang Jun, the Permanent Representative of China to the United Nations, spoke to reporters outside the Council Chamber and elaborated on China’s position on the Kashmir issue.

Zhang Jun said that the Security Council has just discussed the situation in Kashmir. The members of the Security Council expressed serious concern about the current situation in Kashmir. They hope that the relevant parties will exercise restraint and avoid unilateral actions to further escalate the situation and call on the two sides to properly resolve the issue through dialogue.

Zhang Jun said that the Kashmir issue is a legacy of history between India and Pakistan. The relevant resolutions of the Security Council have determined that Kashmir’s status is undetermined and is an internationally recognized disputed area. The Kashmir issue should be properly resolved in a peaceful manner in accordance with the Charter of the United Nations, relevant Security Council resolutions and bilateral agreements. This is the consensus of the international community.

Zhang Jun said that the Indian revision of the constitution changed the status quo in Kashmir and triggered regional tensions. The Chinese side expresses grave concern over the current situation in Kashmir and opposes any unilateral actions that complicate the situation. It calls on the parties concerned to exercise restraint and act cautiously, especially to avoid actions that aggravate the tension.

Zhang Jun said that the Indian side’s measures have also challenged China’s sovereign rights and interests, contrary to the agreement between the two sides on safeguarding the border areas between the two countries and peace and security. China is seriously concerned about this. He emphasized that the Indian side's measures will not have any effect on China, and will not change the fact that China exercises sovereignty over the relevant territories and the status quo of effective jurisdiction.

Zhang Jun said that both India and Pakistan are China's friendly neighbors and all are big developing countries, all of which are in a critical period of development. China calls on both sides to focus on national development, focus on peace in South Asia, properly handle historical grievances, break the zero-sum thinking, avoid unilateral actions, resolve disputes peacefully, and jointly safeguard the overall situation of regional peace and stability.

Pakistani position

Pakistani Permanent Representative to the United Nations, Maleeha Lodi, told reporters before the Security Council that Pakistan welcomes the United Nations Security Council to convene this meeting to discuss the controversial issues of Jammu and Kashmir. This is the first time the Security Council has considered this issue for more than 50 years. The convening of this meeting proved that this involved an international dispute. Some people tried to stop this meeting, and Pakistan thanked all 15 UN Security Council members for agreeing to convene this meeting.

She said that the voice of the occupied Kashmiri people has been heard today on the world's highest diplomatic platform. They are not alone. Their plight, suffering, suffering, occupation and the results of their occupation have been known today in the United Nations Security Council.

She said that the meeting reaffirmed the effectiveness of the UN Security Council resolution on the occupied Jammu and Kashmir state. Pakistan stands ready to resolve the Jammu and Kashmir issue peacefully. I think today's meeting denies India's claim that Jammu and Kashmir are India's internal affairs. Today, the world is discussing the situation in occupied Jammu and Kashmir and there.

She said that as the Chinese ambassador emphasized, the human rights situation in Jammu and Kashmir is very bad, and India is committing human rights violations in the face of impunity. The Security Council also discussed this issue today.

She said that the Pakistani Foreign Minister was hoping that the world would know that the meeting between Jammu and Kashmir was the first step taken by the Pakistani representatives of Jammu and Kashmir. But this is only the first step and will not end there. This effort will only end when the people of Jammu and Kashmir are treated fairly.

Indian position

India’s Permanent Representative to the United Nations, Akbaruddin, told reporters that the Indian side noted that two member states that had issued national statements tried to disguise the national statement as the will of the international community. The Council is a deliberative body. The way it works is well thought out. The outcome of the discussions is provided to all Member States through the President of the Council. Therefore, since some countries try to disguise their national statements as the will of the international community, India also hopes to take this opportunity to elaborate on its own national position.

He said that India’s position was and still remains: the affairs related to Article 370 of the Indian Constitution are entirely internal affairs of India. These transactions do not have an external impact. The recent decisions of the Indian government and legislature are aimed at ensuring good governance and improving the socio-economic development of the people of Jammu, Kashmir and Ladakh.

He said that this morning, the Chief Minister of the Jammu-Kashmir Central Territory announced a series of measures the government is taking to normalize. During the closed consultations, the Security Council expressed its appreciation and recognition for the above efforts and expressed the hope that the international community will move in the same direction. India is pleased with this.

Akbaruddin said that India is committed to the phasing out of all restrictions and has announced relevant timetables. In addition, given that this change takes place within India and has no impact on India’s foreign policy, India remains committed to ensuring stability and peace in the Kashmir region. India will also comply with all the agreements it has signed on this issue.

He said that India has noticed that some people are trying to present the current situation in an alarmist way, which is far from the actual situation on the first line. Of particular concern is the fact that one country, including the country’s leaders, used the jihad vocabulary for India and incited violence in India. He said that violence is definitely not a solution to the problem before us all. India is committed to resolving all issues between India and Pakistan, as well as India and any other country, through bilateral, peaceful, and the normal relations between nations, which is consistent with India’s consistent position.

He said that in the face of some individuals who should not make similar moves to promote terrorism, using jihad vocabulary and inflammatory rhetoric, India feels sad.

Akbaruddin said that India stands ready to continue to work towards a peaceful solution to all problems without the atmosphere of terror and violence.

History background
India and Pakistan manage parts of Kashmir, respectively, but both sides claim sovereignty over Kashmir. Since the division of India and Pakistan in 1947, the two sides have repeatedly fought for war in Kashmir.

The United Nations has long been stationed in disputed areas between India and Pakistan. In accordance with the mandate set out in Security Council resolution 307 of 1971, the United Nations Military Observer Group in India and Pakistan observed and reported on the violations of the ceasefire along the lines of control and the working borders and on both sides of the two South Asian neighbours in Jammu and Kashmir. And report developments that may lead to violations of the ceasefire.

United Nations position

UN Secretary-General Guterres issued a statement on August 8 calling for maximum restraint. He stated that the position of the United Nations in the region is subject to the Charter of the United Nations and the applicable Security Council resolutions. He also reviewed the 1972 Agreement on Bilateral Relations between India and Pakistan, also known as the Shimla Agreement. He insisted that the final status of Jammu and Kashmir should be resolved through peaceful means in accordance with the UN Charter.

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