Kashmir crisis: China supports discussion in UN but Modi insists on "Indian dream" - Urdu Books World

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Saturday, 17 August 2019

Kashmir crisis: China supports discussion in UN but Modi insists on "Indian dream"

Indian Prime Minister Modi said that the abolition of the status of India-controlled Kashmir's special autonomy will restore the region to "the glory of the past." From the internal affairs of India, why did Modi make such a decision?

Earlier, China had already supported the request of Pakistan at the United Nations and requested the UN Security Council to urgently discuss India's decision to revoke the special status of Jammu and Kashmir. However, the move by China and Pakistan was opposed by France.

France responded by suggesting that the Council discuss the issue informally next week. In August 2019, Poland, the rotating presidency of the Security Council, will negotiate between 15 member states and agree on a time and form for mediation.

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Indian Dream.
Indian Prime Minister Modi said in his speech on Indian Independence Day on August 15 that Kashmir will play an important role in the development of India.

He said that Article 370 of the Indian Constitution that gave Kashmir's special status in the past would only encourage corruption.

But Modi did not mention the comprehensive martial law and communications blockade imposed by India in Kashmir for more than a week. After the abolition of India-controlled Kashmir’s autonomous status, Indians can no longer be restricted by past laws to purchase local assets or immigrate to the local area.

Pakistan has responded strongly to India’s decision to abolish the status of Indian-controlled Kashmir. Pakistani Prime Minister Imran Khan warned that India’s decision could lead to a full-scale armed conflict between the two countries. The Palestinians expelled the Indian high school (ambassador) in Pakistan and announced that they would no longer send high-level ambassadors to India. Interrupt the bilateral trade and important railway traffic between the two countries.

As the military confrontation between India and Pakistan on both sides of the actual control line in Kashmir is even more severe, UN Secretary-General Guterres issued a statement to maintain concern about the changes in the situation in Kashmir and called on India and Pakistan to exercise maximum restraint.

India's point of view: domestic factors of Modi's move
Ashok Malik, a senior researcher at the Observer Research Foundation in Delhi, India, believes that the perception of the Kashmir issue in India is harder and creates an atmosphere that allows such action.

He said that in India's crackdown on Kashmir's local counter-insurgency in July 2016, the militant leader of the local armed group, Burhan Vanni, was shot dead by the Indian military.

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He believes that the death of Vanni and the subsequent violence are a new stage of riots in Kashmir, and the call for freedom is overwhelmed by the voice of Islamic Jihad. Therefore, Malik believes that the main voice of India-controlled Kashmir is no longer to demand the establishment of independent Kashmir, or even to merge with Pakistan, but that Islamic extremists demand the establishment of a fundamentalist caliphate.

He said that the events of 2016 had another impact in India, and radical left-wing groups launched a campaign against Prime Minister Modi on the Kashmir issue on campuses, media debates and public platforms across India. This eventually led to a rebound in Indian public opinion.

These views are different from many other views on the Kashmir issue. Many observers believe that India's cancellation of India-controlled Kashmir's autonomous status originated from the appeal of Indian nationalists, and the Modi government responded to populist demands after winning the re-election, and made a move to change the historical status in the name of counter-terrorism.

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